Author Guidelines

Scientific Reviews of Agricultural Extension publishes impactful review papers that examine conceptual contribution building the theory of agriculture extension especially focusing on rural development through practices of agricultural extension.


Required Elements

  • Manuscripts should be submitted in editable MS Word or TeX file (include bib file and all other associated files). All the figures, and tables should be submitted as supplementary data files.
  • Title Page: full article title, author(s) name(s) and affiliation(s) including email address(es) and, if available, ORCID numbers for all authors, Corresponding Author contact information.
  • Abstract: not exceeding 300 words.
  • Keywords: as many as 6.
  • Headings: clearly formatted throughout text.
  • Figures: each figure with its own caption clearly labeled; separate file for each figure, do not integrate within text. Send editable, high-resolution or vector files. In addition to individual figure files, provide a PDF file containing all figures. Obtain any necessary permissions for use.
  • Tables: a separate editable supplementary file for all tables.
  • Literature Cited: References formatted as per journal citation format (see below for more details).
  • Complete Manuscript File: PDF file of final manuscript, including all figures, tables, references, and optional elements, in addition to the editable files.


Optional Elements

  • Terms and Definitions List: provide definitions for all important abbreviations or key terms used in the manuscript.
  • Summary Points List: Not more than six (6) points highlighting the theme of your review.
  • Future Issues List: A note where research may be headed, in complete sentences.
  • Related Resources List: Not more than 12 references, not listed in Literature Cited, to materials (websites, books, videos) that may be of interest to readers.
  • Sidebar (100-200 words) briefly discussing a fascinating adjacent topic.


Each manuscript must be originally written for publication in Scientific Reviews. Submission of a manuscript infers that it has not been published earlier and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Scientific Reviews requires author and co-authors to sign a statement transferring full and exclusive rights of their article, including all the figures, tables and illustrations for orderly publication of its journals in online and print.


Disclosure Statement

At the time of manuscript submission, authors should disclose any financial interest of their own, or of any member of their authorship team, that might be favorably or adversely affected by their review. Prior to publication, all authors will be asked to complete and sign a disclosure statement. The possibility of conflict of interest does not disqualify anyone from authorship. Scientific Reviews, however, disclose the potential conflict of interest to our readers.


Plagiarism Policy
Scientific Reviews of has devised a specific plagiarism policy as per Higher Education Commission (HEC), Islamabad, Pakistan criteria to promote honest work in academics. As per plagiarism policy, 19% plagiarism is admissible in any submission to the journal. It is more convenient to submit Turnitin report while submitting paper to the journal.

Article Submission
In order to save time and avoid inconvenience, authors should assure that the level, length and format of a manuscript submission conforms to Scientific Reviews requirements at the submission and each revision stage. Submitted articles should have a full author as well corresponding author name/s, summary/abstract, keywords separate from the main text. The summary does not include references, numbers, abbreviations or measurements unless essential. The summary should provide an introduction to the field; a brief account of the background and principle of the work; a statement of the main conclusions; and 2-3 sentences that place the main findings into a general context.

Format for Scientific Reviews contributions:

Cover Letter
All submissions should be accompanied by cover letter of up to 350 words briefly stating the significance and impact of the review, author’s agreement for publication, number of tables and figures, supporting manuscripts, and supplementary information.

Contact Information
Author must include current telephone and fax numbers, as well as corresponding postal and E-mail address to maintain communication.

Article Formatting Guidelines

Manuscript title
The title should be limited to 25 words or less. The title shouldn’t contain abbreviations and it should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the manuscript.

Author Information
Full names and affiliation of all authors, including contact details of the corresponding author (Telephone, Fax and E-mail address).

The informative, complete and self-explanatory abstract should briefly present the topic and state the scope of the experiments, indicating significant data. The abstract should summarize the manuscript content in less than 300 words. Standard nomenclature should be used, and abbreviations should be avoided in abstracts.


Following the abstract, a list of 4-6 keywords and abbreviations must be included.


All the headings should be clearly formatted throughout text.


Tables used in manuscripts should be designed properly. They should be typed single-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text. MS Excel files should not be embedded as objects.

The preferred file formats for photographic images are .doc and JPEG. If you have created images with separate components on different layers, please send us the Adobe Photoshop files. All images must be at optimal resolutions. Image files must be cropped as close to the actual image as possible.

Arabic numerals must be used to label the figures and upper-case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Each legend must contain the title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

If equations cannot be encoded in MathML, submit them in TIFF or EPS format as discrete files. Each file should contain data for only one equation.

Additional Information
Discrete items of the Supplementary Information should be submitted in a new file and must be explained properly.

This section includes salutation of people, grant and fund details etc.

Scientific Reviews follows in-text citation style (Last name of author, publishing year) and endnotes for insertions. Only cited text references should include in the reference list and the references should be written in Scientific Reviews referencing style. This list must be alphabetically arranged, not numbered. The author should go to the primary source of information. The secondary source of information may be used in case of unavoidable circumstances or when the original article is in a language other than English. Only published work or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Abstracts, conference proceedings, or papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. Authors should provide DOI/ online link for each reference.

Published Papers
Gondal, A. S. 2018. The first report of tomato foot rot caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG-3 PT from Pakistan. Journal of Plant Pathology, 100: 101-101.
Gondal, A. S., A. Rauf and F. Naz. 2018. Anastomosis Groups of Rhizoctonia solani associated with tomato foot rot in Pothohar Region of Pakistan. Scientific Reports, 9: 1-12.

Sneh, B., L. Burpee and A. Ogoshi. 1991. Identification of Rhizoctonia species. APS press, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA.
Sneh, B. 1996. Rhizoctonia Species: taxonomy, molecular biology, ecology, pathology and disease control. Springer, Berlin, Germany.


Article in Serial Publication/ Book Section
Agrios, G. N. 2005. Plant diseases caused by fungi, Plant Pathology, 5th ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. p. 385-614.
Cubeta, M. A., R. Vilgalys and D. Gonzalez. 1996. Molecular analysis of ribosomal RNA genes in Rhizoctonia fungi, Rhizoctonia Species: Taxonomy, Molecular Biology, Ecology, Pathology and Disease Control. Springer, Berlin, Germany. p. 81-86.
Lübeck, M. 2004. Molecular characterization of Rhizoctonia solani, In: D. K. Arora & G. G. Khachatourians, (eds.), Applied mycology and biotechnology. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Magazine Article
Mulvaney, D. L. and L. Paul. 1984. Rotating Crops and Tillage. Crops Soils. 36: 18-19.

Workshop / Symposium or Conference Proceedings
Ophel-Keller, K. and I. A. Kirkwood. 2006. DNA monitoring tools for soil-borne diseases of potatoes. 4th Australasian Soilborne Diseases Symposium. Professional Development Group, Lincoln University, Millennium Hotel, Queenstown, New Zealand, p. 119.
Kyritsis, P. and S. J. Wale. 2002. Effect of mycelial inoculum level and cultivar susceptibility on Rhizoctonia solani development on potato stems and seed tubers. British Crop Protection Conference: Pests & Diseases. British Crop Protection Enterprises, Brighton, England, p. 761-764.

Bosland, P. W. 1996. Capsicums: Innovative uses of an ancient crop. Progress in New Crops. ASHS Press, Arlington, VA, USA, p. 479-487.
FAO. 2016. Food and Agriculture Organization. United Nations, New York, United States.

Online Database
USDA. 2016. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Solanum lycopersicum L., Natural Resources Conservation Services. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., United States.

Dissertation or Thesis
Gondal, A.S. 2018. Anastomosis group typing of Rhizoctonia solani Kühn infecting solanaceous vegetable crops (Unpublished) PhD thesis, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi.

Software and Software Documentation
Abacus Concepts. 1991. Super ANOVA users guide. Release 1.11. Abacus Concepts, Barkeley, CA, USA.
SAS Institute. 1994. The SAS system for Windows. Release 6.10. SAS. Institute. Gary, NC, USA.

Moore, K. and M. Collins (eds.). 1997. Forages, CD-ROM companion [CD-ROM computer file]. 5th Ed. Iowa State Univ. Press. Ames, IA, USA.

Click here to Download Endnote Reference Style for Scientific Reviews


Printing Scientific Reviews Papers

Authors are free to post the preprint version of their work on an institutional repository and may self-archive a preprint

version of their work provided (a) any preprint posted to the Web after the completion of the Scientific Reviews Copyright Transfer Agreement states explicitly by which Scientific Reviews journal the manuscript has been accepted, and (b) after the published version of the work appears on the Scientific Reviews website, the preprint version is amended to include the

following acknowledgment and link: “Posted with permission from the Scientific Reviews of ___, Volume ___ © ___ by Scientific Reviews,”.


Post-Publication Permissions

For use of all or part of any material published by Scientific Reviews by anyone other than the author, permission must be obtained. It should include the following acknowledgment and link: “Posted with permission from the Scientific Reviews of ___, Volume ___ © ___ by Scientific Reviews,”.